Architectural styles in sound level control |

Architectural Styles:

1. Planning methods to determine the status of sound sources such as the streets and their governance and linking them to buildings and environment.
2. Design Methods for the internal vacuum of buildings.
3. Operational Methods by selecting soundproofed materials.
Materials used in audio insulation:
Audio insulation is used as special construction materials such as:
1. Slabs polystyrene ege
2. Cork Bars
3. Planks of plaster
4. of of (Foamy)

Correct Insulation Methods:

In order to ensure that sound is not transmitted and enforced during its single materials, several key matters must be taken into account during the implementation of separation work, especially when using panels panels, among
1. Use of approved and guaranteed insulation materials.
2. Cover all the surface to be insulated with the buffer.
3. Lack of significant breaks between pieces of the buffer material.
4. Mashing commas between pieces using a special adhesive tape.
5. Coverage of the buffer using special segments working to protect it.

Connection between floor and wall:

It should be taken into account during the execution of isolation, where there is no direct connection between a brick wall or a dumb or a ground, where it must be separated by using a vertical nʿlẗ (.) that is based on landing. Through tiles, which in turn moves vertically through the wall down to lower roles.
Audio insulation in buildings:
Prevent sound transmission in incisors, walls and ceilings from abroad.
2. Prevent the transmission of vibration and phonology.
3. Ways to absorb sound and noise inside.

Audio insulation material

1. Soundproofed Wall Units (Acoustique tiles):
Soundproof tiles, made up of two faces often and are endearing with colored quartz and resin resin, characterized by endurance, ease of cleaning, and cannot be painted on.
2. Glass Wool Panels (request of glass wool):
The tablet consists of a face of glass wool and the other face of drill aluminum foil that makes sound noise, can be installed in walls, floors and roof, used in new commercial and industrial buildings or needs to be renovated.
3. Slabs of plastic foam punch or adorable face.
4. Slabs of compressed paper material and facial punch.
5. Square or rectangular slabs of plaster with fibers in the face and vinegar.
6. Slabs of metal fiber with black Finnish cement material.

III: Acoustic and thermal insulation:

There are some materials that can be used for both sound and heat, including:
1. Glass Wool Panels:
It's made out of glass wool covered by a fine layer of glass that is hardened by hardness, and these panels have the ability to resist moisture and abuse because they are free of recoverable material and can be used in different types of buildings to isolate walls. And the roof.

2. Thermal and audio insulation panels (thermal and acoustic sheets):
These boards are used without need to be covered from inside and specially repaired to stop factories where they fit all large dimensions of construction, and these panels resist dust, moisture and corrosion where they are wrapped in a long-Life Plastic Protection Layer, and these panels are pure of encouraging On Rust.

3. The Pearl:
It is a white volcanic rock, which is considered to be one of the best condoms used to manufacture and store liquid gases under very low temperatures, and it is considered a sound insulation of sound and gives the surface great resistance to fires, and uses the Pearl To Isolate Bishop, walls and floors.

IV: unarmed insulation:
All installations need to completely isolate their buildings from moisture, rain, groundwater and surface and workshop. It would help to damage the elements of its construction and building materials, which would lead to the palace of the building, other than the rot of these materials, and bad smells of the building, with insect infestation. And the mice and brought diseases to him.

Causes Causes of dampness:

1. Building Direction:
The walls of the rain rain and a little sunlight make it more vulnerable to moisture.
2. Rain Water:
The amount of their fall varies from one place to another, usually rainwater is a risk to buildings that are not equipped with brick-by-Brick, due to water ability to hack directly into the roof of the building and its various components, and therefore the ceiling, see and The Moisture can also penetrate the external walls exposed to the extreme rain if it does not have an appropriate insulation.
3. Surface Water:
It is made up of rivers, seas, or ponds consisting of rain or floods, at times that water mixes with ground soil, and areas of water-saturated mud are near the foundations of a building, and some of these waters may seep into soil and combine with groundwater and These waters may reach the foundations of the nearby building through horizontal capillary characteristic, threatening the building if it does not function as a buffer.
4. Groundwater:
It is underwater water through its pores until it has stabilized at almost constant levels for each region, and so near groundwater is usually saturated with water, and it is not preferable to penetrate the buildings of this area with no water contraindications. In it and the wet or flood event inside these ạlbdrwmạt.
5. Rise of ground moisture:
Moisture rises from wetlands under origin to ground floor floor or the in buildings by capillary characteristic during soil pores and building materials used in the building.
6. Condensation:
Cold air contains less steam than hot air, so moisture is deposited in walls, ceilings and floors when hot air is cold, and this is known to intensify.
7. Poor water drainage on site:
There is a pool of wastewater under the building if it is difficult to exchange from low-location lands, especially if the site's soil is not water-free, so there is moisture for these buildings.
8. Modern Construction:
Newly built walls remain in wet condition for a certain period.
9. Bad Employment:
The defects of you, jar, windows, devices, and extensions.... etc.... as this leads to allowing access to water inside the building and humidity, an example of which is to neglect the work of surface surfaces and to discharge or function badly.

Effect of moisture dampness effect of:

• An unhealthy condition for building users.
• Lack of cohesion in buildings.
• - salting efflorescence for walls, floors and ceilings.
• Corruption of the timber used and its supply.
• Exposing the iron used to the breasts.
• Destruction of paint.
• Damage to electrical extensions.
•- Damage to floors, walls and roof.
• proliferation of fungi and bacteria in the building.

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